LESSON PLAN MODELS
1. Focus: motivator.
1. Focus: attention grabber.
2. Objective: what students will be able to do by end of the lesson.
2. Objective: to solve problems. What students learn is cannot be stated in advance.
3. Purpose: why lesson is important, useful and relevant.
3. Purpose: to increase understanding and enjoyment of the group task by developing the habit of independent, critical, and reflective thinking.
4. Input: new information or activities.
4. Input: basic questions of interpretation and the co-leader's related, prepared followup questions of interpretation.
5. Modeling: verbal or physical example of acceptable finished product or process.
5. Modeling: the co-leaders follow the four Rules of Socratic discussion.
6. Checking for understanding to determine if students have the information needed to complete the task.
6. Checking: co-leaders ask spontaneous follow-up questions for clarification, substantiation, more opinion, consistency, implication, relevance, and resolution.
7. Guided practice: task done independently or in small groups with teacher help
7. Guided practice: Students learn how to rely on their own judgment about which answers are good, better, or best and to distinguish the false from the true.
8. Closure: summary of should have been the learned. Objective is restated.
8. Closure: a written or oral resolution to problem(s) of interpretation.
While the article illustrates the importance of the Socratic method for active learning, the didactic model still has a necessary but ancillary role since teachers must sometimes provide organized information not accessible other ways. A comparison-contrast outline of two generic lesson plans reveals important differences.